Lead

In the EU 1.5 million workers are estimated to be potentially exposed to lead and inorganic lead compounds. The most common route of occupational exposure to lead is inhalation of lead fumes or lead-laden dusts in air and absorption of lead through the respiratory system.

Lead exposure has been associated with increased risk of lung, stomach, and urinary-bladder cancer in diverse human populations. The strongest epidemiological evidence is for lung and stomach cancer, which are consistently but weakly associated with occupations and industries entailing lead exposure. Lead is classified as Group 2B carcinogen by the IARC, meaning it is probably carcinogenic to humans.

Solutions and good practices:

References: IARC, NIEHS, NIOSH, CAREX

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